A healthy smile starts with proper hygiene, which begins below the surface to include the gums and bone that hold the teeth in place. Many adults do not realize that periodontal, or gum disease can progress beneath the teeth, weakening the roots and ultimately causing infections and tooth loss.

Brushing and flossing daily will keep bacterial plaque from forming a sticky film on your teeth. But over time, plaque can become calcified and harden, adhering to your tooth tenaciously and providing a scaffolding for more bacteria to disrupt the connection between your teeth and your gums. This is called periodontal disease and leads to bone loss, tooth mobility, infections, and tooth loss, not to mention foul breath. For patients with periodontal disease, a deep cleaning, otherwise called a scaling and root planing, is required to remove the calculus and restore your gums to proper health.